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Islam - The Teachings, Principles and Philosophy

Islam is the Abrahamic and amonotheistic religion that has been articulated by Quran, the holly book of the Islam. Adherents of Islam, who are called Muslims, believe that Quran is the verbatim words of the God. It also consists of the normative example and teaching of Muhammad, (the founder of Islam) who is known as the last prophet of God.

Followers of this religion believe that God is incomparable and one, and human beings exist on earth to serve and love other human beings, who are apostles of God. The adherents also believe that Islam is the religion that is a universal and complete version of the primordial faith delivered by Moses, Abraham and Jesus at different times and at different places and they regard these people as prophets.

The Holly Book

The holly book of Islam (the Quran) is the record of teachings that were delivered by God through his various prophets. Muslims have the faith that some parts of the scriptures, which are known as Injil and Tawrat were lost either in text or in interpretation. Muslims view the Quran as the literal word and final exposure of God. This book is also regarded as the best piece of literary work in the Arabic language.

The Five Pillars of Islam

The Islamic philosophy is best described through the five-pillars of Islam that are obligatory for all adherents. That means a true and real Muslim and core followers of the religion need to follow the mentioned five pillars without any mistake. The pillars are:

  • Shahadah (Creed)
  • Salah (daily prayer)
  • Ramadan (Fasting during the month of Ramjan)
  • Zakah (alms giving)
  • Pilgrimage to Mecca ( The Hajj)

Creed or Shahadah

Creed or the shahadah is the basic part of Islam that must be uttered under oath with a particular statement. The statement means that the person testifies that there is no other deity than God and he also testifies the fact that Muhammad is the Messiah of God. Muslims are supposed to recite this shahadah and those who are planning to convert as Muslims are asked to recite the creed portion.

Salah or Prayer

It is said that a Muslim should pray for 5 times in day. While praying they should sit in a position facing the Mecca. However, Salah is mandatory but there are some flexibility as well considering specific situations. Muslims recite prayers in the Arabic language and they recite some verses from the Quran during the prayer.


Zakah is the practice of giving alms to the needy and poor people. One can help others in different ways like freeing a person from captivity, by bringing hearts, releasing one from debts, etc.


Muslims who believe in the Islamic philosophy obviously will follow this pillar. They need to fast during the month of Ramjan and can have food once only after completing the evening prayer. They consider it as a process of purification.


Every able-bodied Muslim should visit Mecca at least once in his lifetime, especially when he or she is able to do this. Hajj rituals include a walk between the mount Marwah and mount Safa and seven-time walk around Kaaba.

Islamic Philosophy in Detail

The Islamic philosophy is unique in terms of the issues and topics it deals with and the type of problems it tend to solve through the logics. The philosophy of Islam concern itself with matters such as problem of unity between different communities, what is the relation between God and human being and many other such topics. The Islamic philosophy also tends to reconcile a revelation with knowledge, reason and faith. This is done to establish the fact that revelation and reason are not contradictory to one another.

Islamic philosophers believe that even the pagans will agree to accept religious faith and beliefs when they will be enlightened by the brightness of philosophic wisdom. The philosophy of Islam also tends to prove the fact that when philosophy is embraced by religion, one gets influenced by the color of the other. To say it in brief, the Islamic philosophy is nothing but the creature of the surrounding in which one is born, flourishes and grows. And of course it is a spiritual and religious philosophy.

The Important Principals of the Religion

The ten important principles of Islamic religion are:

  • Monotheism
  • Following Muhammad's prophecy
  • Reading the Holy Book of Islam
  • Sunnah
  • The Five pillars of Islam
  • Faith Principles
  • Muslim Conduct
  • Good Deeds
  • No religious force
  • Cooperation for good deeds

Monotheism means full submission to God that leads to peace between and within you. All Muslims should believe the fact that Muhammad is God's messenger. Muhammad has revealed the Quran, which is the holy book of the Muslims through God's angel Gabriel. It is said that the words of the Quran will remain unchanged until the final Day of Judgment. Sunnah is the sayings, practices and doings by Prophet Muhammad that have been authenticated by early sincere Muslims.

All Muslims should follow and believe the mentioned five pillars to live a spiritual and pious life. If a Muslim denies any of the pillars deliberately and knowingly he or she comes out of Muslim faith. They also should have faith in God, holy books, prophets and in the Day of Judgment.

A Muslim principle also asks one to follow the morals of Quran and Prophet Muhammad. They are supposed to perform good deeds for their and others benefit. Muhammad believed that men are born free and they have the freedom to choose a religion on which they have faith. Finally, Islamic principles ask the Muslims to cooperate with each other and with other human being for goodness of humanity.

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